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John Adams, the widely disliked delegate from Massachusettsis frustrated because Congress will not vote on, or even entertain debating, any of his proposals on independence.
The other delegates, too preoccupied by the rising heat, implore him to sit down. He reads the latest missive to his loving wife Abigailwho appears in his imagination. He asks if she and the other women are making saltpeter for the war effort, but she ignores him and states the women have a more urgent problem: They bicker about it until Adams gives in and they pledge their love to each other "Till Then".
Adams bemoans the failure of his arguments for independence; Franklin suggests that a resolution for independence would have more success if proposed by someone else.
Richard Henry Lee of Virginia enters, having been summoned by Franklin. The cocky Lee crows that he is the best man to propose the resolution.
Adams has reservations, but Lee is convinced he cannot fail, as a member of the oldest and most glorious family in America: He is prepared to ask the Virginia House of Burgesses to authorize him to offer a pro-independence resolution.
Scene Three[ edit ] June 7, Franklin and Adams enter, and the delegates, along with the President of Congress, John Hancockand the Secretary, Charles Thomsontake their places. Hancock gavels the th meeting of the Congress to order. The entire New Jersey delegation is absent. Thomas Jeffersona young delegate from Virginiaannounces that he is leaving that night to visit his wife.
Soon after Hancock opens the floor to new resolutions, Richard Henry Lee canters into the chamber, having finally returned from Virginia.
Lee reads his resolutionbut John Dickinson of Pennsylvania moves to indefinitely postpone the question of independence. A vote is taken; five colonies vote to debate the resolution and five vote for indefinite postponement; New York abstains "courteously" which becomes a running gag throughout the play and Stephen Hopkins of Rhode Island, after a momentary absence, votes for debate.
As the debate proceeds, Caesar Rodney of Delaware is forced to return home due to poor health; Edward Rutledge of South Carolina moves to end the debate and proceed with the vote.
The New Jersey delegation arrives with orders to support independence, resulting in a split; New York again abstains "courteously", and Adams reminds Hancock, who supports independence, of his privilege as president to break ties. Dickinson then moves that any vote for independence must pass unanimouslyon the grounds that "no colony [may] be torn from its mother country without its own consent.
Adams, thinking fast, calls for a postponement of the vote on independence, expressing the need for a declaration defining the reasons for independence. Franklin seconds Adams, but when asked why such a declaration should be written, both are lost for words until Thomas Jefferson provides them himself.
The vote on postponement is called, producing yet another tie, with New York abstaining "courteously" yet again. Hancock breaks the tie by voting in favor of postponement. The five argue about who should write the declaration "But, Mr. Adams" ; one by one, each member gives a reason for being unable to do it, until all eyes turn to Jefferson.
Jefferson tries to wriggle out, pleading that he has not seen his wife in six months.
Jefferson agrees to draft the document. Scene Four[ edit ] A week later, Adams and Franklin visit Jefferson to see how the work is coming along.
Jefferson has spent the week moping, prompting a sharp rebuke by Adams, which is flatly rebuffed by Jefferson. Finally, Jefferson is brightened when his beloved wife Martha enters, having been sent for by Adams; he and Franklin leave the young lovers in peace.
Adams, alone, again exchanges letters with his wife Abigail. They pledge each other to love each other eternally "Yours, Yours, Yours". Martha finally appears when Franklin and Adams return the next morning, and the two gentlemen ask her how a man as silent as Jefferson won a woman as lovely as she.
She tells them that she loves him because of his musical talent "He Plays the Violin". Scene Five[ edit ] On June 22, Congress has reconvened. By now, Adams is worrying and begins trying to win over some of the states, sending Thomas McKean to try to convince his Delaware colleague George Read and Franklin to convince James Wilson of Pennsylvania, while himself trying to convince Samuel Chase of Maryland.
After receiving a request for help from George Washington in the field, Adams requests Chase accompany him to inspect a continental army training ground in New Jersey, to which Chase agrees; after the pair leave with Franklin, the remaining delegates in favor of independence also leave the chamber.
Alone with his fellow conservatives for the first time, Dickinson leads them in a minuetsinging of their desire to hold onto their wealth "Cool, Cool Considerate Men".Read: The Declaration of Independence and an Essay Determine the author's point of view or purpose by analyzing the rhetoric of The Declaration of Independence and the article "The Stylistic Artistry of the Declaration of Independence.".
The Community Note includes chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis, character list, theme list, historical context, author biography and quizzes written by community members like you. Franklin works with Adams and Jefferson to write the Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson.
He is very persuasive and has members of. The Declaration of Independence has four main sections: A preamble, or foreword, that announces the reason for the document A declaration of people’s natural rights and relationship to government.
"Explain how both writers (Thomas Jefferson, Declaration of Independence and Elizabeth Stanton, Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions) use appeals to ethos, pathos, and logos by supplying one example of each appeal by each author (a total of 6 examples).".
In July of , Thomas Jefferson dually impacted the United States of America, not only by composing the Declaration of Independence himself, but by signing the document as well in accordance with additional major colonial figures of the time.
Declaration of Independence by Thomas Jefferson In three pages this paper examines how Jefferson borrowed from Enlightenment theories and John Locke's political philosophy in writing and then practically applying the Declaration of Independence.