Articles Explore articles from the History Net archives about Dr.
Benjamin Mays, an influential theologian and outspoken advocate for racial equality. After graduating inKing entered Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvaniawhere he earned a Bachelor of Divinity degree, won a prestigious fellowship and was elected president of his predominantly white senior class.
King then enrolled in a graduate program at Boston Universitycompleting his coursework in and earning a doctorate in systematic theology two years later.
They had four children: Montgomery Bus Boycott The King family had been living in Montgomery for less than a year when the highly segregated city became the epicenter of the burgeoning struggle for civil rights in America, galvanized by the landmark Brown v.
Board of Education decision of Activists coordinated a bus boycott that would continue for days, placing a severe economic strain on the public transit system and downtown business owners. They chose Martin Luther King, Jr.
By the time the Supreme Court ruled segregated seating on public buses unconstitutional in NovemberKing—heavily influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and the activist Bayard Rustin —had entered the national spotlight as an inspirational proponent of organized, nonviolent resistance.
King had also become a target for white supremacists, who firebombed his family home that January. Letter from Birmingham Jail In King and his family moved to Atlanta, his native city, where he joined his father as co-pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church. This new position did not stop King and his SCLC colleagues from becoming key players in many of the most significant civil rights battles of the s.
Held on August 28 and attended by sometoparticipants, the event is widely regarded as a watershed moment in the history of the American civil rights movement and a factor in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of Captured on television, the brutal scene outraged many Americans and inspired supporters from across the country to gather in Alabama and take part in the Selma to Montgomery march led by King and supported by President Lyndon B.
Johnsonwho sent in federal troops to keep the peace. Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. As more militant black leaders such as Stokely Carmichael rose to prominence, King broadened the scope of his activism to address issues such as the Vietnam War and poverty among Americans of all races.
On the evening of April 4,Martin Luther King was assassinated. In the wake of his death, a wave of riots swept major cities across the country, while President Johnson declared a national day of mourning.
James Earl Rayan escaped convict and known racist, pleaded guilty to the murder and was sentenced to 99 years in prison. He later recanted his confession and gained some unlikely advocates, including members of the King family, before his death in Watch video · Born as Michael King Jr.
on January 15, , Martin Luther King Jr. was the middle child of Michael King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. The King and Williams families were rooted in rural Georgia. Martin Jr.'s grandfather, A.D. Williams, was a rural minister for years and then moved to Atlanta in Martin Luther King, Jr.: Martin Luther King, Jr., Baptist minister and social activist who led the U.S.
civil rights movement from the mids until his death in Martin Luther King Jr. Biographical M artin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, April 4, ) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin.
Watch video · Maya Angelou is the first African-American woman to have her screenplay produced, for the film Georgia, Georgia.
Did You Know? MLK Jr. . Martin Luther King Jr. was a pastor, activist, leader and civil rights icon. He changed our world for the better, and each January we honor his legacy. In particular, we’d like to highlight what Martin Luther King Jr.
taught about work. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated on April 4th, on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis Tennessee.
On November 2nd, President Ronald Reagan signed a bill to declare Martin Luther King Jr. Day in remembrance of all the great things he did to fight for civil rights.