Louis, Missouri  to establish a Unitarian Christian church there. His mother, Charlotte Champe Stearns —wrote poetry and was a social workera new profession in the early 20th century. Eliot was the last of six surviving children; his parents were both 44 years old when he was born.
See Article History Alternative Title: Thomas Stearns Eliot T. Louis, MissouriU. Eliot exercised a strong influence on Anglo-American culture from the s until late in the century. His experiments in dictionstyle, and versification revitalized English poetry, and in a series of critical essays he shattered old orthodoxies and erected new ones.
The publication of Four Quartets led to his recognition as the greatest living English poet and man of letters, and in he was awarded both the Order of Merit and the Nobel Prize for Literature. Early years Eliot was descended from a distinguished New England family that had relocated to St.
From Smith Academy in St. The men who influenced him at Harvard were George Santayanathe philosopher and poet, and the critic Irving Babbitt.
From Babbitt he derived an anti-Romantic attitude that, amplified by his later reading of British philosophers F. Hulmelasted through his life. In the academic year —10 he was an assistant in philosophy at Harvard. From to he was back at Harvard, reading Indian philosophy and studying Sanskrit.
In Eliot met and began a close association with the American poet Ezra Pound. Early publications Modernist writer T. He was probably the most erudite poet of his time in the English language.
Let us go then, you and I, When the evening is spread out against the sky Like a patient etherized upon a table. It represented a break with the immediate past as radical as that of Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth in Lyrical Ballads The significance of the revolution is still disputed, but the striking similarity to the Romantic revolution of Coleridge and Wordsworth is obvious: Eliot and Pound, like their 18th-century counterparts, set about reforming poetic diction.
Meanwhile, he was also a prolific reviewer and essayist in both literary criticism and technical philosophy.
Introduction. T.S. Eliot. The Sacred Wood; Essays on Poetry and Criticism may give lustre to works which have more propriety though less copiousness of sentiment.”—JOHNSON, Life of Cowley. 3. Video: Introduction to T.S. Eliot: Author Background, Works, and Style This video introduces T.S. Eliot and his major works. It outlines his early life and move to England, and traces his stylistic evolution over his most famous and significant poems. When T. S. Eliot died, wrote Robert Giroux, "the world became a lesser place." Certainly the most imposing poet of his time, Eliot was revered by Igor Stravinsky "not only as a great sorcerer of words but as the very key keeper of the language.".
The Waste Land expresses with great power the disenchantment, disillusionment, and disgust of the period after World War I. In a series of vignettesloosely linked by the legend of the search for the Grailit portrays a sterile world of panicky fears and barren lusts, and of human beings waiting for some sign or promise of redemption.
This scholarly supplement distracted some readers and critics from perceiving the true originality of the poem, which lay rather in its rendering of the universal human predicament of man desiring salvationand in its manipulation of language, than in its range of literary references.
In his earlier poems Eliot had shown himself to be a master of the poetic phrase. The Waste Land showed him to be, in addition, a metrist of great virtuosity, capable of astonishing modulations ranging from the sublime to the conversational.
But The Waste Land is not a simple contrast of the heroic past with the degraded present; it is, rather, a timeless simultaneous awareness of moral grandeur and moral evil.
The poet writing in English may therefore make his own tradition by using materials from any past period, in any language. Two other essays, first published the year after The Sacred Wood, almost complete the Eliot critical canon: In these essays he effects a new historical perspective on the hierarchy of English poetry, putting at the top Donne and other Metaphysical poets of the 17th century and lowering poets of the 18th and 19th centuries.
This change seems to him to consist in a loss of the union of thought and feeling.After Eliot's death, Valerie dedicated her time to preserving his legacy, by editing and annotating The Letters of T. S. Eliot and a facsimile of the draft of The Waste Land.
Valerie Eliot died on 9 November at her home in regardbouddhiste.comion: AB in philosophy (Harvard, ), PhD (cand) in philosophy (Harvard, –16). For the remainder of its life, The Criterion was sold at what one impecunious young writer, Hugh Gordon Porteus, called the ‘plutocratic’ price of seven shillings and sixpence (the cost of a new novel).
In this period, political and economic shockwaves occasioned public responses from Eliot, stretching his original framework for a literary review. T.S. Eliot (–). The Sacred Wood. Introduction: TO anyone who is at all capable of experiencing the pleasures of justice, it is gratifying to be able to make amends to a writer whom one has vaguely depreciated for some years.
The faults and foibles of Matthew Arnold are no less evident to me now than twelve years ago, after my. T.S. Eliot: T.S. Eliot (–), best known for the poem The Waste Land (), was among the most important Modernist poets.
T.S. Eliot: Poems T.S. Eliot Introduction Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM (26 September – 4 January ), was an essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic, and "one of . Lyndall Gordon, Eliot’s biographer and Senior Research Fellow at St Hilda’s College, Oxford, on the life of the poet Official resource for T.
S. Eliot introducing his poems, plays, prose, unpublished letters, recordings and images.