History[ edit ] The 9th century scholar al-Jahiz wrote works on the social organization and communication methods of animals like ants. In the treatise, he demonstrates how a camel's pace could be hastened or retarded with the use of musicand shows other examples of how music can affect animal behaviorexperimenting with horses, birds and reptiles. Through to the 19th century, a majority of scholars in the Western world continued to believe that music was a distinctly human phenomenon, but experiments since then have vindicated Ibn al-Haytham's view that music does indeed have an effect on animals.
These articles were selected to demonstrate the range of social work research related to poverty, its causes, and its impact on people and related social systems. This issue focuses on Latino poverty.
Social Thought 19 2: The following articles are listed in order of year of publication, from to Welfare recipiency and savings outcomes in individual development accounts. Social Work Research28 3 The authors examine how welfare recipiency Comparative social policy associated with savings outcomes in individual development accounts IDAsa structured savings program for low-income people.
They investigated whether welfare recipients can save if they are provided with incentives. A Heckman two-step regression analysis suggests that, after controlling for a variety of program and participant characteristics, welfare recipiency, either before or at the time of enrollment in IDAs, is not correlated with program exits or savings outcomes.
The findings suggest that welfare recipiency does not seem to affect savings performance.
Child care services in the JOBS program. The Jumpstart Our Business Strength JOBS legislation reflected the expectations that mothers, even those with young children, should participate in the labor force to increase their level of economic self-sufficiency.
This change in expectations was accompanied by the recognition that, to fulfill these expectations, mothers needed access to child care services. In implementing the JOBS program and the associated child care provisions, states fulfilled their obligations to assure that child care was available and provided to at least enough JOBS participants to meet the federally mandated requirements for participation.
However, such child care issues as funding, access, quality, and transportation emerged with the implementation of the JOBS program and can be anticipated to be significant concerns under the new welfare program, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families TANF.
Additionally, under TANF, work expectations have been expanded but without a commitment to ensure child care services for those required to participate. Journal of Aging and Social Policy ,16 1 Is it more effective to reduce poverty among the elderly by increasing the benefits paid by the Supplemental Security Income SSI program or by increasing eligibility for the program?
At given program cost levels, the authors compare the potential reduction in poverty from increasing benefit levels to the potential reduction associated with a variety of policy proposals that would increase eligibility for the program.
This paper employs a microsimulation model containing an eligibility and benefits calculator, participation model, and an optimization algorithm. The results showed that increasing eligibility by relaxing the restrictions of the means tests can be more effective in reducing poverty than raising benefit levels.
Employment options for low-income women:ScienceDirect is the world's leading source for scientific, technical, and medical research. Explore journals, books and articles.
An Education Policy Centre. The European Institute of Education and Social Policy is a non-profit organisation with more than 40 years' experience in the analysis of education and training policies in Europe and in the partner countries of the European Union.
Comparative psychology refers to the scientific study of the behavior and mental processes of non-human animals, especially as these relate to the phylogenetic history, adaptive significance, and development of behavior. Research in this area addresses many different issues, uses many different methods and explores the behavior of many different species from insects to primates.
The Comparative Labor Law Journal was founded in to provide a venue for the very best scholarship in the comparative analysis of labor law, employment policy, and social security issues.
In , the Journal moved to the University of Illinois where it was renamed Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal and its Editorial Advisory Board broadened better to reflect its mission. Social policy is an academic discipline focusing on the systematic evaluation of societies' responses to social need.
It was established in the early-to-mid part of the 20th century as a complement to social work studies. One can reasonably argue there is not a single clear and comprehensive definition of social policy. This is probably because social policy is more an area of study than a.
Comparative Higher Education: Knowledge, the University, and Development (Contemporary Studies in Social and Policy Issues in Education) [Philip G. Altbach] on regardbouddhiste.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Higher education is increasingly international.
The issues that affect universities in one country are important globally. There are a myriad of links among academic systems worldwide.