According to some historians, Africans were nothing more than savages whose only contributions to the world were farming and slaves. However, this is not true. The history of ancient Africa is just as interesting, complex, and sophisticated as any other ancient civilization, yet almost without exception; only Egypt receives any consideration when writing about the history of Africa.
The land was so water-filled that it was possible to travel easily by boat to the White Sea. Mecican american culture in the inland empire essay peoples who did so were obviously descended from the archeological "Kunda Culture" originally established up the east coast of the swollen Baltic Sea, which extended up into Finland.
The artifacts from the Kunda Culture offered not just stone adzes for making dugouts, but also large harpoons suggesting these people had learned how to go out into the sea and hunt sea mammals like seals. Naturally such people, being accustomed now to hunting in the open seas, would be more interested in expanding into further open sea, than returning to marshes and lakes.
This produced a branch of the Kunda Culture that reached the White Sea and from there continued west to the bountiful waters of arctic Norway, warmed by the Gulf Stream reaching there. In this article we will present the quite amazing story of expansion from the prehistoric Baltic Sea to Lake Onega, then White Sea, then arctic Norway facilitated by the invention of the skin boat because trees large enough for seagoing dugouts were not available.
The following archeological map of cultures was presented earlier. It shows how archeologists have categorized the artifacts they have unearthed and the locations they were found.
Figure 1 Note that archeology names material cultures according to ways in which people adapted to new environments. It did not mean the people or culture changed significantly.
Note first the 'official' Kunda Culture shown in vertical hatching. Note they have identified the same artifacts at the end of the Dvina River overlapping the Kama cross-hatched area. Given that there were boat peoples, that means in fact, the entire Divna contained the Kunda Culture.
Furthermore the Volga, and Kama cultures would have been descended from it - unless they are more directly connected to the Maglemose culture of the south Baltic, not shown. But then how different was the Maglemose and Kunda Cultures from each other.
They overlap at the southeast Baltic. In terms of the story of the expansion of the Kunda Culture into the arctic, the relevant culture is the one at the top of Norway, the Komsa Culture.
As we will see below, they must have arisen from the practice of the Kunda Culture descendants at Lake Onega from making annual journeys to the White Sea and further, to harvest the waters of arctic Norway, warmed by the Gulf Stream or "North Atlantic Drift" As we will see, rock carvings show the same skin boat with moose-head prow at the Norwegian arctic coast as in rock carvings at the White Sea and at Lake Onega south of the White Sea.
Possibly the Inuit kayakwhich enclosed the top to allow waves to break over the top, was in effect an adaptation of the tiny one-person northern dugout, to deal with high waves and these could be built without need for any tree. These details practically prove their utlimate Kunda Culture origins.
It is possible but unlikely. Origins from the east, from the White Sea, is proven from the locations of the rock carvings showing the moosehead prow skin boats. Furthermore, along the entire way, seahunters will be invited to continue from the bounty of sea life.
If one came up the Norwegian coast, there would not be much that is exciting until they got north of the Lofotens, where the regions were affected by the warmed waters, The following Figure 2, presents a map intended to depict this expansion into the arctic seas: It presents a fourth step in the expansion of boat peoples depicted on maps in Figure 2 of the last chapter 2.
It is because of the glaciers and glacier meltwaters along the arctic coast, that the story of the expansion into the arctic occurs a little later than the expansion to the Urals and beyond. This map assumes tha the reindeer and reindeer people have arrived in the north as well.
The story of the reindeer and reindeer people is still unclear, since the movement of reindeer to arctic Scandinavia was dependent on the shriking of the glaciers, to expose tundra along the arctic coast along which the reindeer could travel. For a time since 10, years ago the world climate was warmer than today and glaciers were still only half-melted, and the tundra may have been swamped with glacial meltwater.
Figure 2 It is unclear if European reindeer herds migrated north through the mountains, because for a long time the glaciers covered the mountains.
Reindeer can survive in mountains but have to be able to paw through snow to get at lichens. As long as there were thick glacial fields reindeer could not survive.
But recently, the science of population genetics has discovered the N-halogroup carried by men, generation after generation, and since it shifted north since the Ice Age, and today is most common in peoples descended from reindeer people, the N-haplogroup frequencies are a trail of the migration and diffusion of men with ancestry in Asian reindeer people.
The migration of reindeer westward from the polar Urals along with the reindeer people carrying the Y-DNA N1c1-haplogroup suggests reindeer migrations westward from the vicinity of the polar section of the Ural Mountains. The reindeer people with this N1c1-haplogroup would have followed.
The entry of this haplogroup into men of Finno-Ugric cultures would have occurred from some of these reindeer people converting to the boat people way of life, and becoming a part of it, diffising their genetics both east-to-west from the Urals and north-south from northern Finland.
Language change too would have occurred from this, contrary to the traditional explanations. This westward migration of the reindeer and Asian reindeer peoples could not have occurred until both the glaciers and the glacial lakes were gone, since although reindeer can move over ice in winter, for food, they need to be able to paw through the snow to find lichens.
Marshy lands do not have lichens.
More carelul study of the withdrawal of the glaciers and glacial lakes and their timing, can in future provide more clarity to when the reindeer hunters arrived in arctic Scandinavia. Obviously the arrival of boat peoples in the arctic waters also required the disappearance of glaciers in the seas around the White Sea.
Because waters warmed by the Gulf Stream arriving in arctic Scandinavia tempered the climate, the glaciers would have disappeared there first. That is the reason we date the expansion to the arctic beginning about 6, years ago.LACMA’s Art + Film Lab turns Inland Empire stories into cinema Filmmaker Orson Welles once said, “a film is never really good unless the camera is an eye in the head of .
Mexican American Baseball in the Inland Empire celebrates the thriving culture of former teams from Pomona, Ontario, Cucamonga, Chino, Claremont, San Bernardino, Colton, Riverside, Corona, Beaumont, and the Coachella Valley. Writing an entrance essay icebreaker sentence starters for essays january global regents essay imperialism el cine argumentative essays cause analysis essays electoral systems essay modern studies revision decade essay three edinburgh zoo monkey research paper co education essay words to use other than said essay about armenian culture inland empire david lynch analysis essay words .
The UNESCO document of built upon and supplemented an earlier convention (), which was drafted to protect the world’s natural and cultural heritage in its material forms—for example, monuments, buildings, sculpture, and archaeological sites.
The ancient fishing tackle, found alongside thousands of seashells and bones, suggests coastal settlers had a very different lifestyle to their well-documented inland counterparts.
In other part United States is in the north over Mexico, it is a country with a lot of technology and it has distinct native cultures, Apache, Navajos, Indians, etc. Both Mexico and U.S.
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have different cultures and some aspects of these differences are, family, religion, nationalism, and ethics.