Introduction There is a great urgency to understand more fully the linkages between stigma, prejudice, discrimination and health to aide in the development of effective public health strategies. Prejudice and discrimination are believed to be important contributors to the production of health disparities IOM, The objective of this conference was to strengthen collaboration across disciplines, discuss challenging conceptual issues, and identify the most pressing research objectives facing this relatively new line of inquiry.
Driving discussions was the budding idea for a Special Issue that would attempt to bridge disparate research traditions in stigma, on the one hand, and in prejudice and discrimination on the other. As editors of the Special Issue, we believe the importance of this endeavor lies in missed opportunities for conceptual coherence and for capitalizing on insights generated from each research tradition and possibly, to an underestimation of the impact of stigma and prejudice on health.
Several exciting manuscripts emerged from the conference making up the content of this Special Issue. The Special Issue breaks from existing volumes in fundamental ways.
To date, manuscript collections on stigma and those on prejudice and discrimination are organized around a single disciplinary perspective and focus on either stigma or prejudice but never both.
Authors included in the Special Issue write from diverse disciplinary perspectives and represent a starting point of cooperation among scholars interested in these two traditions. The articles develop conceptual and empirical research linking stigma and prejudice; identify under-recognized cultural and policy dynamics that contribute to the formation of stigma and prejudice and may mediate their health impacts; describe pathways through which stigma and prejudice affect health outcomes; and explore the implications of these themes for public health practice.
In this commentary, we explain why these themes are important and introduce articles in the Special Issue. Bridging stigma and prejudice research traditions Stigma and prejudice research traditions stem from the seminal works of sociologist Goffman and social psychologist Allport Embodied in both works is similarity in the experiences of stigma and prejudice including: We believe the differences between the research traditions of stigma as compared to that of prejudice and discrimination have more to do with different subjects of interest rather than any real conceptual difference.
By contrast, researchers focused on prejudice and discrimination tend to focus on the far more ordinary, but clearly powerful implications of gender, age, race and class divisions. The authors conclude that the social processes of stigma and prejudice are quite similar, but that the historical reasons underlying why societies stigmatize or are prejudicial tend to vary.
They show how research in the prejudice tradition grew from concerns with social processes driven by exploitation and domination, such as racism, while work in the stigma tradition has been more concerned with processes driven by enforcement of social norms and disease avoidance.
This article also deepens our understanding of why the research traditions of stigma and prejudice have evolved along different evolutionary tracks and examines the potential for integration of these theoretical and conceptual schemes.
Let us give a couple of examples of why bridging these research traditions is an important endeavor. The first reason is that greater collaboration between stigma and prejudice researchers could enhance existing models that conceptualize stigma and prejudice as psychosocial stress in the lives of marginalized groups.
Researchers interested in the health impact of prejudice tend to focus on the stress induced by discrimination that occurs in the context of interpersonal interactions where a non-marginalized person treats a marginalized person unfairly.
Stigma researchers generally have two different ways of conceptualizing stigma as a psychosocial stressor, which are distinct from the types of stress induced by interpersonal discrimination.
Sometimes when researchers refer to stigma as a stressor they are referring to the anticipation of negative treatment by members of dominant groups Meyer, b.
In this case, the anticipation of negative treatment and the accompanying chronic stress involved in reactivating and maintaining a vigilant state is the psychosocial stress involved in producing morbidity. This is different from interpersonal discrimination because this form of stress can persist even when discriminatory treatment is not experienced.Although research has gone far to understand the impact of the disease, it has only recently begun to explain stigma in mental illness.
Much work yet needs to be done to fully understand the breadth and scope of prejudice against people with mental illness. Culture, Prejudice, Racism, and Discrimination Summary and Keywords Prejudice is a broad social phenomenon and area of research, complicated by the fact that intolerance exists in internal cognitions but is manifest in symbol usage (verbal, nonverbal, mediated), law and policy, and social and organizational practice.
Analyse the impact of prejudice and discrimination on children and young people. Prejudice and discrimination can only have negative effects on children and young people. As well as affecting academic progress of children, discrimination can negatively impact their overall health and well-being.
The Impact of Anti-Gay Prejudice. 53 likes. The Impact of Anti-Gay Prejudice is a doctoral research study. We’re looking for gay/bi/MSM 18+ to talk to us. While most research on prejudice has focused on how people's negative stereotypes contribute to intolerance, new research by Princeton University's Susan Fiske, PhD, indicates that emotions such as pity, envy, disgust and pride may play a bigger role.
Examines why stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination are enduring phenomena. Social psychological research, reviewed here in 4 major sections, explains that stereotyping, prejudice, and.