Original page numbers appear in square brackets. Digitized by John van WyhePh. By Charles Darwin, M. Darwin is certain to command attention.
Early life[ edit ] Wilberforce was born at Clapham CommonLondon. He was the son of William Wilberforcea major campaigner against the slave trade and slavery and Barbara Spoonerand Samuel wilberforce essays contributed to the quarterly review younger brother of Robert Isaac Wilberforce.
In he entered Oriel College, Oxford. In the United Debating Society, which afterwards developed into the Unionhe distinguished himself as a zealous advocate of liberalism.
The set of friends with whom he chiefly associated at Oxford—among them William Ewart Gladstone and Henry Manning —were sometimes named, on account of their exceptionally decorous conduct, the " Bethel Union "; but he was by no means averse to amusements, and specially delighted in hurdle jumping, nude running and hunting.
He graduated intaking a first-class degree in mathematics and a second in classics. He spent the summer and autumn of touring the continent. After his marriage on 11 June to Emily Sargent, daughter of John Sargent he was in December ordained to the Church of England and appointed curate -in-charge at Checkendonnear Henley-on-Thames.
Mary's Church, Brighstonein the Isle of Wight. In he published a tract on tithes"to correct the prejudices of the lower order of farmers," and in the following year a collection of hymns for use in his parish, which had a large general circulation; a small volume of stories entitled the Note Book of a Country Clergyman; and a sermon, The Apostolical Ministry.
Although a High ChurchmanWilberforce held aloof from the Oxford Movement and in his divergence from the Tractarian writers became so marked that John Henry Newman declined further contributions from him to the British Criticnot deeming it advisable that they should longer "co-operate very closely".
In he also published Eucharistica from the old English divinesto which he wrote an introduction, Agathos and other Sunday Stories, and a volume of University Sermons, and in the following year Rocky Island and other Parables.
In November he was installed archdeacon of Surreyin August was collated canon of Winchester and in October he accepted the rectory of Alverstoke. Inhe was chosen as the Bampton lecturer and was shortly afterwards made chaplain to Prince Albertan appointment he owed to the impression produced by a speech at an anti-slavery meeting some months previously.
In Octoberhe was appointed by the Archbishop of York to be sub-almoner to the Queen. In March he accepted the position of Dean of Westminster and, in October the same year, was appointed as the Bishop of Oxford. As such, he was also ex officio the Chancellor of the Order of the Garter.
The bishop inupon the suggestion of John Henry Newman, became involved in the Hampden controversy and signed the remonstrance of the thirteen bishops to Lord John Russell against Hampden's appointment to the bishopric of Hereford. He also endeavoured to obtain satisfactory assurances from Hampden; but, though unsuccessful in this, he withdrew from the suit against him.
The publication of a papal bull in establishing a Roman hierarchy in England brought the High Church party, of whom Wilberforce was the most prominent member, into temporary disrepute. The secession to the Church of Rome of his brother-in-law, afterwards Cardinal Manningand then of his brothers, as well as his only daughter and his son-in-law, Mr and Mrs J.
Pye, brought him under further suspicion, and his revival of the powers of Convocation lessened his influence at court; but his unfailing tact and wide sympathies, his marvellous energy in church organization, the magnetism of his personality, and his eloquence both on the platform and in the pulpit gradually won for him recognition as without a rival on the episcopal bench.
Cartoon of Wilberforce in the Huxley-Wilberforce debate, published in Vanity Fair, His diary reveals a tender and devout private life which has been overlooked by those who have only considered the versatile facility and persuasive expediency that marked the successful public career of the bishop, and perhaps earned him the sobriquet of "Soapy Sam", though this may have been a reference to his characteristic hand-washing gesture, captured in the Vanity Fair cartoon by 'Ape' illustration, right.
In the House of Lords he took a prominent part in the discussion of social and ecclesiastical questions. He has been styled the "bishop of society"; but society occupied only a fraction of his time. The great bent of his energies was ceaselessly directed to the better organization of his diocese and to the furtherance of schemes for increasing the influence and efficiency of the church.
Inhe opened a theological college at Cuddesdonnow known as Ripon College Cuddesdonwhich was afterwards the subject of some controversy on account of its alleged Romanist tendencies. He took part in the famous debate concerning evolution at a meeting of the British Association on 30 June.
Richard Owen and Thomas Henry Huxley had already clashed on man's position in nature two days previously; on the Saturday, at the Oxford University Museum of Natural HistoryWilberforce got his chance to criticise Charles Darwin 's On the Origin of Species by means of Natural Selectionespecially the implication that humans and various species of apes share common ancestors.
Thomas Huxley is said to have replied that he would not be ashamed to have a monkey for his ancestor, but he would be ashamed to be connected with a man who used his great gifts to obscure the truth. Darwin was not present, but several of his friends replied, with Huxley perhaps the most effective.
The general view was and still is that Huxley had got the better of the exchange but there are dissenting voices,  and Wilberforce himself thought he had done well.
This last distinction is rarely mentioned in accounts of the famous Oxford debate. His attitude towards Essays and Reviews inagainst which he wrote an article in the Quarterly, won him the special gratitude of the Low Church party, and latterly he enjoyed the full confidence and esteem of all except the extreme men of either side and party.
On the publication of John William Colenso 's Commentary on the Romans inWilberforce endeavoured to induce the author to hold a private conference with him; but after the publication of the first two parts of the Pentateuch Critically Examined he drew up the address of the bishops which called on Colenso to resign his bishopric.
In he framed the first Report of the Ritualistic Commission, in which coercive measures against ritualism were discountenanced by the use of the word "restrain" instead of "abolish" or "prohibit.
Though strongly opposed to the disestablishment of the Irish Churchyet, when the constituencies decided for it, he advised that no opposition should be made to it by the House of Lords. After twenty-four years in the diocese of Oxford, he was translated by Gladstone to the bishopric of Winchester.
He was killed on 19 Julyby the shock of a fall from his horse near Dorking, Surrey. Together with his brother Robert, he joined the Canterbury Association on 27 March He resigned from the Canterbury Association on 14 March The Wilberforce River in New Zealand was named for them.Essays Contributed to the 'Quarterly Review' by Samuel Wilberforce, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.
Samuel Wilberforce FRS (7 September – 19 July ) was an English bishop in the Church of England, third son of William Wilberforce. Known as "Soapy Sam", Wilberforce was one of the greatest public speakers of his day.
The nickname derives from a comment by Benjamin Disraeli that the bishop's manner was "unctuous, oleaginous, saponaceous". Essays and Reviews, edited by John William Parker, The Quarterly review was followed up by a letter to The Times co-signed by the Archbishop of Canterbury and 25 bishops which threatened the theologians with the ecclesiastical courts.
Wilberforce, Samuel (). "(Review of).
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This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. Source: From: Samuel Wilberforce, Essays Contributed to the Quarterly Review, 2 Vols., (London, ), I Scanned by Jerome S. Arkenberg, Cal. State Fullerton. Essays contributed to the "Quarterly Review" ; v.1 / by Samuel Wilberforce.
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