A good argumentative paper will include in-text citations from researchers that present logical facts from both sides of an issue, and will conclude with the author analyzing the pros and cons of each argument. The confusing element of an argumentative paper is that the author is expected to favor one side more than the other on an issue, but the research and analysis must be un-emotive and factual and include both sides of the argument. For example a student may be asked to complete a paper on "The importance of nature and nurture on a child's predicted teenage behavior. The author of an analytical paper may focus on the findings, methodology or conclusions of other researchers and will conclude such a paper with a summation of the findings and a suggested framework for further study on the issue.
Practice Test Research reports vary greatly in length and type. In each individual case, both the length and the form are largely dictated by the problems at hand. For instance, business firms prefer reports in the letter form, just one or two pages in length.
Banks, insurance organisations and financial institutions are generally fond of the short balance-sheet type of tabulation for their annual reports to their customers and shareholders. Mathematicians prefer to write the results of their investigations in the form of algebraic notations.
Chemists report their results in symbols and formulae. Students of literature usually write long reports presenting the critical analysis of some writer or period or the like with a liberal use of quotations from the works of the author under discussion.
In the field of education and psychology, the favourite form is the report on the results of experimentation accompanied by the detailed statistical tabulations. Clinical psychologists and social pathologists frequently find it necessary to make use of the case-history form.
News items in the daily papers are also forms of report writing. They represent firsthand on-thescene accounts of the events described or compilations of interviews with persons who were on the scene.
In such reports the first paragraph usually contains the important information in detail and the succeeding paragraphs contain material which is progressively less and less important. Such reviews also happen to be a kind of short report.
The reports prepared by governmental bureaus, special commissions, and similar other organisations are generally very comprehensive reports on the issues involved. Such reports are usually considered as important research products. The above narration throws light on the fact that the results of a research investigation can be presented in a number of ways viz.
Which method s of presentation to be used in a particular study depends on the circumstances under which the study arose and the nature of the results. A technical report is used whenever a full written report of the study is required whether for recordkeeping or for public dissemination. A popular report is used if the research results have policy implications.
We give below a few details about the said two types of reports: Technical Report In the technical report the main emphasis is on the methods employed, assumptions made in the course of the study, the detailed presentation of the findings including their limitations and supporting data.
A general outline of a technical report can be as follows: A brief review of the main findings just in two or three pages. Nature of the study: Description of the general objectives of study, formulation of the problem in operational terms, the working hypothesis, the type of analysis and data required, etc.
Specific methods used in the study and their limitations. For instance, in sampling studies we should give details of sample design viz. Discussion of data collected, their sources, characteristics and limitations. If secondary data are used, their suitability to the problem at hand be fully assessed.
In case of a survey, the manner in which data were collected should be fully described. Analysis of data and presentation of findings: The analysis of data and presentation of the findings of the study with supporting data in the form of tables and charts be fully narrated.
This, in fact, happens to be the main body of the report usually extending over several chapters. A detailed summary of the findings and the policy implications drawn from the results be explained.
Bibliography of various sources consulted be prepared and attached. Appendices be given for all technical matters relating to questionnaire, mathematical derivations, elaboration on particular technique of analysis and the like ones.
Index must be prepared and be given invariably in the report at the end. The order presented above only gives a general idea of the nature of a technical report; the order of presentation may not necessarily be the same in all the technical reports.
This, in other words, means that the presentation may vary in different reports; even the different sections outlined above will not always be the same, nor will all these sections appear in any particular report. It should, however, be remembered that even in a technical report, simple presentation and ready availability of the findings remain an important consideration and as such the liberal use of charts and diagrams is considered desirable.
Popular Report The popular report is one which gives emphasis on simplicity and attractiveness. The simplification should be sought through clear writing, minimization of technical, particularly mathematical, details and liberal use of charts and diagrams.
Attractive layout along with large print, many subheadings, even an occasional cartoon now and then is another characteristic feature of the popular report.
Besides, in such a report emphasis is given on practical aspects and policy implications.This review is divided into sections for easy reference.
There are five MAJOR parts of a Research Report: 1. Introduction 2. Review of Literature 3. Methods 4. Results 5. Discussion. As a general guide, the Introduction, Review of Literature, and Methods should be about 1/3 . Learn about the three types of market research reports in order to decide which one is the right one for you.
Choose the correct one in order to get the most insight for your company. Learn about the three types of market research reports in order to decide which one is the right one for you. Five Common Types of Research Reports and their Components. One of the key tools of a sell side equity researcher are the research reports..
In it, the analyst and the associate convey their ideas, analysis and opinions about a company or a relevant event, such as their initial take about the company that they are about to initiate coverage on, or the results of a quarterly earnings release. Five Common Types of Research Reports and their Components.
One of the key tools of a sell side equity researcher are the research reports.. In it, the analyst and the associate convey their ideas, analysis and opinions about a company or a relevant event, such as their initial take about the company that they are about to initiate coverage on, or the results of a quarterly earnings release.
The objectives of the two types of research and their underlying philosophical assumptions are simply different. However, as discussed in the section on “philosophies guiding research”, this does not mean that the two approaches cannot be used in the same study.
Research report is a written document containing key aspects of research project. Research report is a medium to communicate research work with relevant people.
It is also a good source of preservation of research work for the future reference.